Why Be Curious? Perricone is native to northwest Sicilia and arguably every bit as important and interesting here as Nerello Mascalese is around Mount Etna on the eastern part of the island. Maybe it’s the terre brune, a rusty-brown terroir of clay, chalk, and iron, or the arid but relatively mild climate, but Perricone has emerged as the secret treasure of this corner of Sicilia in general and of Guccione in particular. It’s savory, dark, and endlessly beguiling.
Produttore / Producer: Francesco Guccione is a grower in the vinously nearly-forgotten northwest of Sicilia who has made a name for himself by re-discovering this corner of the island and its potential. His wines are crisscrossed with character and intrigue; they bring to life a land whose stories span from the ancient Phoenicians to modern Sicilians.
Vigna / Vineyard: The locale is called Cerasa, and it lies 35 kilometers southwest of Palermo. Cerasa has always been famous for the quality of its grapes; back in the days when negociants did most of the bottling, buyers arrived from all over Sicilia to select their grapes. The Guccione vineyards have been certified organic since 1996 and farmed biodynamically since 2005. Francesco adheres to a strict natural regime: massale selection of vines, dry farming, and various cover crops including herbs like chamomile and echinacea.
Cantina / Cellar: Fermentation in 3000-liter tini (large, upright wooden casks) with native yeasts. A year of aging, also in tini, and no filtering or clarification.
Il Vino / The Wine: Dark red fruits with a floral note and the hint of bitter cherry that characterizes many of Italy’s best and most distinctive red wines. (Recent research suggests a parent-offspring relationship between Perricone and Sangiovese.) Delicious and captivating — one of the notable red wines of Sicily.
A Tavola… / At the Table… Red meat and stronger white meat dishes, especially game and braised meats. Aged cheeses.
Guccione Sicilia ‘P’
Vigna / Vineyard
Nome / Name: ‘P’.
Ettari / Hectares: 1 ha.
Quota / Altitude: 480 m / 1575 ft.
Suoli / Type of soils: Marl with medium clay content.
Esposizione / Exposure: East / West.
Vitigni / Varieties: Perricone.
Età delle viti / Vine age: Ten years old (planted in 2005).
Densità / Planting Density: 4400 vines/hectare.
Allevamento / Trellis system: Spalliera (vertical trellis).
Data di vendemmia / Harvest date: End of September to mid-October.
Metodo di vendemmia / Harvest technique: Hand harvested.
Metodo agricolo / Agricultural technique: Certified biodynamic.
Resa / Yield: 5000-6000 kilograms / hectare.
Cantina / Cellar
Lieviti / Yeasts: Native yeasts.
Fermentazione alcolica / Alcoholic fermentation: Spontaneous, in 3000-liter tini (large, upright wooden casks).
Fermentazione malolattica / Malolactic fermentation: Yes, also in tini.
Affinamento / Élevage: One year in tini and additional months in bottle.
Chiarificazione, filtrazione / Clarification, filtration: None.
Zolfo / Sulphur: 63 mg/L total, 22 mg/L free.
Altri prodotti aggiunti? / Other products added?: None.
Produzione annua / Annual production: 4000 bottles, in cases of 6 bottles each.
Gradazione alcolica / Alcoholic %: 12.5%.
Tappo e bottiglia / Closure and bottle: Natural Sicilian cork, 750 ml Burgundy bottle.